Шкалы для рефрактометров

Образцы и их показатель преломления (nD)

SCHMIDT + HAENSCH предлагает ряд различных рефрактометров, которые можно использовать для определения коэффициента преломления и концентрации жидкости в различных образцах. Для того чтобы выбрать оптимальный технологический рефрактометр или лабораторный рефрактометр для конкретного применения, необходимо определить масштаб образца и желаемую температуру измерения. Это не только повысит надежность результатов измерений, но и поможет вам сэкономить средства, выбрав подходящий рефрактометр. Также возможно программирование нескольких шкал в одном рефрактометре.

В таблице ниже точно определены показатели преломления различных образцов, измеренные при температуре 20°C и λ = 589 нм в качестве контрольного измерения. Различные температуры приводят к различным показателям преломления (nD). Если вы пропустили образец в таблице или вам нужен другой температурный эталон, пожалуйста, свяжитесь с нами для получения дополнительной информации.

Мы предлагаем нашим клиентам разработку масштабов, консультации по применению и проектирование новых приложений. Наш отдел продаж будет рад ответить на ваши вопросы.

SampleFormulaValue of refractive index (nD) measured at 20 °C
0
1,2,2-Trifluortrichlorethan / Freon 113C2Cl3F31.354
1,3-ButanediolC4H10O21.439-1.441
1-BromonaphthaleneC10H7Br1.657
1-NaphthaldehydC10H7CHO1.652
1-PropanolC3H8O1.384-1.387
2-PropanolC3H8O1.384-1.387
2,4-Dichlortoluol1.545
2-Ethylhexyl laurateC20H40O21.440-4.444
2-EthylnapthalinC12H121.600
2H-,3H-Perfluoropentan1.300
2-Phenylethanethiol1.560
2-Phenylethylchlorid1.530
2-Propanol 10%C3H8O1.338-1.341
2-Propanol 20%C3H801.345-1.348
2-Propanol 30%C3H801.353-1.356
2-Propanol 40%C3H801.359-1.361
2-Propanol 50%C3H801.363-1.365
2-Propanol 60%C3H801.368-1.369
2-Propanol 70%C3H801.371-1.372
2-Propanol 80%C3H801.374-1.375
2-Propanol 90%C3H801.376-1.377
Alpha-Methyl-ZimtaldehydC10H10O1.608
Acetic acidCOOH1.333-1.372
Acetic acid 30%1.351
Aceton1.358
AcetyltributylcitrateC20H34O81.442-1.445
Acryl glassC5H8O21.490
AcrylnitrilC3H3N1.391
AdBlue® / Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)1.383
Aloe extract1.334
AluminiumAl2O31.760
Ammonia1.333-1.353
Ammonia-solution1.367-1.377
Ammonium-chlorideCl1.333-1.377
Ammonium-sulfate1.333-1.397
AnetholeC10H12O1.559-1.561
AnilinC6H5NH21.586
Antifreeze (GlysantinG40)1.32-1.42
Antifreeze based on ethylene glycol1.33- 1.431
Antifreeze based on propylene glycol1.33- 1.431
Anise oilC14H18O31.552-1.561
AnisolC7H8O1.518
AppleC4H6O51.350
Asphalt / Bitumen1.650
B
BariumchlorideBaCl1.333-1.375
Basic solution, viscose1.393-1.397
Bean jam1.430
Beef curry1.357
Beer1.340
Benzol1.490
Benzyl alcohol1.538-1.541
Benzyl benzoate1.568-1.570
Benzyl nicotinateC13H11NO21.569-1.570
Bean, broccoli, blueberry, blackberry1.345
BenzylbromideBr1.575
BenzylformiatC8H8O21.511
BisabololO1.493-1.499
Bitter fennel oil1.528-1.539
Bitter-fennel herb oil1.487-1.501
Borage oil1.473-1.481
Boric acidH3BO31.333-1.336
Brook mint1.482-1.495
Bunker A / No. 2 fuel oil1.490
Bunker C / No. 6 fuel oil1.560
Butter1.450
C
CaesiumchlorideCsCl1.330-1.416
Calciumchloride1.333-1.403
CalciumfluorideCaF21.430
CampherspiritusC10H16O1.372-1.374
Canned seasoning yogurt1.366
Canned syrup1.372
Canola oil1.470
CaprolactamCPL1.315-1.5
Caramel and Schoko Topping1.3329-1.53
Caraway oil1.484-1.490
Carbon disulfideCS21.630
Carrot1.345
Cassia oil1.600-1.614
Cauliflower, swede, paprika1.342
Cesium chlorideCsCl1.333-1.417
Cetearyl octanoate1.444-1.448
Cetylstearylisononanoat1.440-1.450
Cherry1.345
Chili sauce1.380
Cineol1.456-1.460
Cinnamon leaf oil1.527-1.540
Cinnamon oil1.572-1.591
Citricacid0.9922-1.1346
Citronella oil1.463-1.475
ClofibrateC12H15ClO31.500-1.505
Clove oil1.530
Cocoylcaprylocaprat1.445
Cobaltous chlorideCoCl21.333-1.380
Coconut oil1.440
Cocoyl caprylocaprate1.445
Codliver oil Type-A/B1.477-1.484
Coffee1.340
Coffee TDS1.3313-1.37
Coke1.350
Concentrated juice1.430
Condensed milk1.450
Cooking oil1.480
CoppersulfateCuSO41.3306099-1.3689
Coriander oil1.462-1.470
Corn soup1.347
CreatinineC4H7N3O1.333-1.349
Cupric sulfateCuSO41.333-1.367
Cutting oil emulsion1.334
CyclohexanC6H121.426
D
Dalmatian sage1.457-1.473
DamascenonC6H121.380
Decyl oleateC28H54O21.456-1.458
DextranH(C6H10O5)xOH1.333-1.349
D-Fructose1.333-1.459
D-Glucose1.333-1.439
Dibutyl adipateC14H26O41.435
Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)C16H22O41.490-1.495
DichloromethaneCH2Cl21.423-1.425
Diesel oil1.478
Diethyl phthalateC12H14O41.500-1.505
Diethylene glycol monoethyl etherC6H14O31.426-1.428
DiiodbenzolC6H4I21.718
DiiodmethanCH2I21.743
Diiodopropan1.642
Diisopropyl adipateC12H22O41.424
DimercaprolC3H8OS21.568-1.574
Dimethicone 1000+1.404-1.406
Dimethicon 350+1.404-1.406
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)1.478-1.479
Dimethylacetamide (DMAC)1.435-1.439
Dimethylformamide (DMF)1.3327-1.447
D-MannitolC6H14O61.333-1.355
Disodium Ethylenediaminetetra-acetate (EDTA)0.9922-1.0305
E
Egg1.355
Egg yolk1.420
Electrical discharging liquid1.357
Electrolyte1.370
Emulsifying hydrophobic base gel1.473-1.483
Endive, asparagus, pea, salat, tomato, onion1.342
Epoxy1.620
EthanolC2H6O1.333-1.362
EthylenglycolC2H6O21.431
EthylhexylglycerinC11H24O31.449-1.453
Eucalyptus oil1.458-1.470
EugenolC10H12O21.540-1.542
F
Felosan1.32-1.4204
Ferric chlorideFeCl31.333-1.383
Flint glass1.620
Formic acidCH2O21.333-1.365
Formic acid 25%1.352
Formic acid 85%1.369
Formic acid 98%1.371
G
Gelatin liquid1.348
Glucose syrup1.463-1.495
GlycerinC3H8O31.474
GlycerolC3H8O31.470-1.475
Glycerol 85%1.449-1.455
Glycerol diisostearate1.462-1.468
Green tea1.335
Grinding chemical liquid1.334
H
HexetidineC21H45N31.461-1.467
Honey1.520
Honey starch syrup1.495
Human serum or plasma1.333-1.361
HydrochloracidHCl0.9922-1.1977
Hydrogen peroxideH2O21.325244-1.41
Hydrophobic base gel1.475-1.495
Hydroxyethyl salicylateC9H10O41.548-1.551
I
Immersion oil1.512
InulinC6nH10n+2O5n+11.333-1.348
IodbenzolC6H5I1.620
Iodnaphthalin1.701
IsoeugenolC10H12O21.577
Isopropyl myristateC17H34O21.434-1.437
Isopropyl palmitateC19H38O21.436-1.440
J
Japanese plum1.340
Juniper oil1.471-1.483
K
Ketchup1.385
L
Lactic acidC3H6O31.333-1.417
Lactic acid bacteria beverage1.360
LactoseC12H22O111.333-1.359
Lactulose-syrup1.445-1.478
Latex in solvent1.315-1.47
Lavender oil1.455-1.466
Lead NitratePb(NO3)21.333-1.387
Lemon oil1.473-1.476
Lime / Lemon1.346
Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate acidLAS-H1.3231-1.52
Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate sodium saltLAS-Na1.3231-1.42
Lithium chlorideLiCl1.333-1.399
M
Macrogol-20-glycerolmonostearat1.464-1.468
Macrogolglycerolcaprylocaprate~1.400
Macrogolglycerololeate1.470
Macrogolglycerolricinoleat1.470-1.474
Macrogololeat~1.466
Magnesium-chlorideMgCl21.333-1.415
Magnesium-fluorideMgF21.381
Magnesium-sulfateMgSO41.333-1.385
MaltoseC12H22O111.333-1.357
Mandarin peel oil1.474-1.478
Manganous-sulfateMnSO41.333-1.373
Marmelade / jam / jelly1.460
Marshmallow syrup1.440-1.455
Medium-chain triglycerides1.440-1.452
Methanesulfonic acidCH4O3S1.429-1.430
MethanolCH3OH1.333-1.340
Methanol in dimethylformamide (DMF)14.305
Methyl salicylateC8H8O31.535-1.538
Methylene IodideCH3I1.744
Milk1.350
Mint oil1.456–1.470
Miso soup1.336
Molasses1.470
MonobromnaphthalinC10H7Br1.650
Mountain pine oil1.474-1.480
Muscatel Sage1.456-1.466
N
Natural rubber1.540
Nectar1.360
Neroli oil1.464-1.474
n-HeptanC7H161.388
Nickel nitrateNiNO31.315-1.47
Nickel sulfatNiSO41.333-1.345
Nikethamide1.524-1.526
Nitric acidHNO31.333-1.387
N-MethylpyrrolidoneC5H9NO1.469
N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP)1.33-1.47
n-OctanC8H131.398
Nutmeg oil1.457-1.485
O
OctyldodecanolC20H42O1.453-1.457
OechsleOe1.32-1.49
Oil1.473-1.478
Oleic acidC18H34O21.457-1.461
Oleyl oleate1.464-1.466
Olive oil1.468
Orange1.348
OxalicacidC2H2O40.9922-1.0355
P
ParaffinC6H12O31.479
Paraldehyde1.403-1.406
Pastry cream1.400
Pentylene glycolC5H12O21.435-1.440
Peppermint oil1.457-1.467
PerfluorodecalinC10F181.315
Phenethyl alcoholC8H10O~1.532
PhenolC6H6O1.541
PhenoxyethanolC8H10O21.537-1.539
PhenylnaphtalinC20H14O41.664
Phosphoric1.333-1.375
Phosphoric acidH3PO41.3306099-1.3735
PhytomenadioneC31H46O2~1.526
Pine needle oil1.465-1.480
Plain yogurt1.345
Plant cell culture1.334
Plastic eyeglasses ruby1.760
PolyacrylmethacrylateC5H8O21.490
Polycarbonate1.585
Polystyrene(C8H8)n1.580
Potassium1.333-1.349
Potassium bicarbonateKH1.3306099-1.3595
Potassium bromideKBr1.333-1.391
Potassium carbonate1.333-1.403
Potassium chlorideKCl1.333-1.367
Potassium chromateK2CrO41.333-1.411
Potassium dichromateK2Cr2O71.333-1.352
Potassium dihydrogenphosphate1.330-1.345
Potassium ferricy anideK3[Fe(CN)6]1.333-1.387
Potassium fluorideKF1.3272-1.36678
Potassium hydrogenphosphate1.330-1.3445
Potassium hydroxideKOH1.330-1.4247
Potassium IodideKI1.333-1.403
Potassium lactateC3H5KO31.402-1.405
Potassium nitrate1.333-1.355
Potassium oxalateC2K2O41.333-1.351
Potassium phosphateK3PO41.333-1.345
Potassium sulfate1.333-1.345
Potassium thiocyanateKSCN1.333-1.475
Procaine hydrochlorideC13H20N2O21.333-1.483
PropofolC12H18O1.512-1.514
Propylene glycolC3H8O21.431-1.433
PropylenglycoldicaprylocaprateC19H36O41.439-1.442
Pudding1.368
Purified terpentine oil1.465-1.478
Purified water1.332-1.334
Powdered alkaline detergent (Dirl LUM603)1.3248-1.3672
Pyrrolidone1.487-1.490
Q
Quartz glassSiO21.460
R
Refined almond oil1.470-1.473
Refined apricot kernel oil1.472
Refined corn oil1.472–1.476
Refined evening primrose oil1.476-1.480
Refined grape seed oil1.474-1.477
Refined jojoba wax1.466
Refined macadamia oil1.466-1.470
Refined olive oil1.467-1.471
Refined peanut oil1.468-1.473
Refined rapeseed oil1.470-1.474
Refined safflower oil (Type1)1.476
Refined safflower oil (Type2)1.472
Refined sesamum oil1.470-1.476
Refined soya oil1.472-1.478
Refined sunflower oil1.473-1.476
Refined sunflower oil containing oleic acid1.470
Raspberry1.345
Ricinus oil1.480
Rosemary oil1.464-1.473
S
Salat1.342
Saline1.333
Sea water1.333-1.353
Sesame oil1.478
SevofluraneC4H3F7O1.274-1.276
Silicone oil1.406
Silicone solution1.360
Silver nitrateAgNO31.333-1.391
Sodium acetateC2H3NaO21.333-1.375
Sodium bicarbonateNaHCO31.333-1.340
Sodium bromideNaBr1.333-1.400
Sodium carbonateNa2CO31.333-1.367
Sodium chlorideNaCl1.333-1.379
Sodium diatrizoateC11H8I3N2NaO41.333-1.417
Sodium dichromateNa2Cr2O71.333-1.513
Sodium ferrocyanideNa4[Fe(CN)6]1.333-1.373
Sodium dihydrogenphosphateNaH2PO41.330-1.3869
Sodium hydrogenphosphateNa2HPO41.330-1.3433
Sodium hydroxideNaOH1.333-1.433
Sodium hypochloriteNaOCl1.333-1.380
Sodium molybdateNa2MoO41.333-1.349
Sodium nitrateNaNO31.333-1.379
Sodium phosphate1.3306-1.3532
Sorbital solution 70% non crystalizing1.455-1.465
Sodium sulfateNa2SO41.333-1.355
Sodium tartradeC4H4Na2O61.333-1.381
Sodium thiosulfateNa2S2O31.333-1.423
Sodium tungstateNa2WO41.333-1.430
Sorbitan and glycerolmonooleat1.474-1.480
Sorbitan trioleateC60H108O81.473-1.477
Soy bean1.430
Soy milk1.350
Soy sauce1.395
Spanish sage1.457-1.473
Spike oil1.461-1.468
SqualanC30H621.450-1.454
Star anise oil1.553-1.556
StarchC6H10O51.376
Stevia1.3326-1.3334
Strontium chlorideSrCl21.333-1.407
StyrenC8H81.546
SucroseC12H22O110.9717-1.4512
Sulfuric acid1.333-1.403
Sweet orange oil1.470-1.476
T
Tea tree oil1.475-1.482
TetrachlorethyleneC2Cl41.505
ThamC4H11NO31.333-1.397
Thyme oilC50H82O41.490-1.505
ToluolC7H81.497
Tomato1.342
Trans-DecalinC10H181.470
TriacetinC9H14O61.429-1.432
Trichloracetic acidC2HCl3O20.9922-1.2682
Trichlorfluormethan / Freon 11CCl3F1.375
Triethyl citrateC12H20O71.440-1.446
TrolamineC6H15NO31.482-1.485
Tris(hydroxymethyl)methylamineTRIS1.3306-1.397
Turpentine oil beach Pine-Type1.465-1.475
U
Urea1.333-1.403
Urine solida human1.333-1.348
UrineSpecificGravity1.332-1.349
V
Valproic acidC8H16O21.422-1.425
Vinyl acetatC4H6O21.396
Virgin avocado oil / Refined avocado oil~1.479
Virgin castor oil~1.479
Virgin jojoba wax1.466
Virgin linseed oil1.478-1.482
Virgin olive oil1.467-1.471
Virgin Safflower oil1.476
Virgin wheatgerm oil~1.475
W
Water1.333
Watermelon, wineberry1.350
X
XylenC8H101.500
Z
Zimtacetat1.541
Zink sulfateZnSO41.333-1.365